Location of the country on the international transport routes
Slovak Republic (abbreviation Slovakia), EU country in Schengen customs system and Eurozone, with 5,5 million inhabitants and over 49 thousands quadrat kilometers area. Slovakia is a landlocked country in the geographical middle of Europe. Slovakia is connected with the Black sea through Danube river and with other ports of Europe through rails and roads. The geographical location on the East periphery of the European union makes Slovakia one of the contact countries of the Schengen area with the intact and ascension transshipments points.
Inland waterways ports
The Slovak republic has 3 inland waterway ports – in Bratislava, Komárno and Štúrovo.
- The port of Bratislava is strategically the most important public port in Slovakia with more than 80% share of the total output of public ports and a relatively high potential for further development. Currently, the Bratislava port is used for a transhipment of goods between rail, road and water transport, directly or with an intermediate storage. It is located close to major transport centres – Vienna and Budapest. Due to it has an ideal waterway connection with the aforementioned cities. The most frequently transported commodities are bulk goods, general goods, liquid goods, heavy and oversize goods.
- The public port in Štúrovo is the smallest of all Slovak public ports. The port operations performance in the Štúrovo port is minimal. The Štúrovo port focuses on the passenger transport. The trend derives from the rich history of Štúrovo and the town of Ostrihom (the settlement of the Archbishopric) on the opposite bank henceforth supporting the development of tourism.
- The port of Komárno most frequently transshipped commodities are i.e. iron ore, artificial fertilizers, agricultural products and liquid cargo.
Dry ports – in Slovakia there are also nine container terminals in operation. Four of them are classified as a “dry port”: in Bratislava, Dunajská Streda, Žilina, Košice-Haniska. 90% of combined transport is transported through those terminals which means approx. 4,5 million tones.